PEKAHIAH

PEKAHIAH
PEKAHIAH (Heb. פְּקַחְיָה; "YHWH has opened (the eyes)"), the son of menahem ; ruled Israel in Samaria for two years (c. 737/6–735/4 B.C.E.) during the reign of Uzziah, son of Amaziah, over Judah (II Kings 15:22–24). The Bible provides no information about Pekahiah's acts or about the condition of the northern kingdom in his day, apart from the formulaic comment, "He did what was evil in the sight of the Lord…" (II Kings 15:24). It may be presumed that Pekahiah continued the policy of his father, Menahem, and displayed his loyalty to Assyria. In the second year of his reign he fell victim to a conspiracy led by his army commander pekah , son of Remaliah, who killed him with the support of 50 Gileadites and took his place on the throne (II Kings 15:25). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Bright, Hist, 254. (Bustanay Oded) PEKARSKY, MAURICE BERNARD PEKARSKY, MAURICE BERNARD (1905–1962), Hillel director. Born in Jedwavne, Poland, Pekarsky came to the United States with his family and settled in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He attended the University of Michigan, received his B.A. cum laude in 1930, and went on to study at the University of California and then at the University of Iowa with famed social psychologist and close friend kurt lewin . He was ordained at the Jewish Institute of Religion and then joined the Hillel Foundations, where he remained for the rest of his life. He directed the Hillel Foundation at Cornell (1933–37) and Northwestern (1937–40), and then moved to the University of Chicago from 1940 onward, taking five years off in 1950 to move to Jerusalem, where he established the Hillel program at The Hebrew University. Within Hillel, he was responsible for the establishment of the National Hillel Summer Institute, which he guided, and also headed its department of leadership training. He could have been national director but felt most at home on the campus, most at ease with students. Abram Sachar, who recruited him for Hillel, said of Pekarsky, "His was no negative faith. He was serenely positive in his relationship to a living God.… (He) had an inner fire that warmed without burning, that glowed without searing, and legions of students carried that brightness away with them from his presence." His medium of expression was the spoken word. He was a teacher, not a writer, and he was keenly aware that the printed word is frozen into finality. His written work consists largely of incomplete notes for speeches, which he continually reworked in the search for greater coherence and clarity of expression. Pekarsky's lectures and class notes were published by Hillel in tribute to his work and his mind. He tried to synthesize faith and reason; to unite the world of the East and the West. A firmly committed believer, he was more interested in psychology than theology. alfred jospe , his friend and colleague, summed up his legacy. "He gave all those he encountered an awareness of the importance of the dialectical method in the education process.… If you asked him a question, you did not get an answer, but a reformulated question," deeper, more profound, more insistent than the one that was asked. He was as eager to learn as to teach – eager to learn so he might teach. Jospe said that "under his leadership the Hillel Foundation at the University of Chicago became a unique intellectual and cultural center for the entire campus community, a forum for the study and discussion of vital issues of moral and social significance. He attracted some of the great minds on the faculty of the University of Chicago to Hillel" not only to speak but to learn. It was a tradition that empowered his successors and served as an example to others. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Alfred Jospe (ed.), The Legacy of Maurice Pekarsky (1965). (Raphael Jospe (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Pekahiah — ( the Lord opened his eyes ) was king of Israel and the son of Menahem. William F. Albright has dated his reign to 738 BCE 737 BCE, while E. R. Thiele offers the dates 742 BCE 740 BCE.He was murdered in the royal palace at Samaria by Pekah, one… …   Wikipedia

  • Pekahiah —    The Lord opened his eyes, the son and successor of Menahem on the throne of Israel. He was murdered in the royal palace of Samaria by Pekah, one of the captains of his army (2 Kings 15:23 26), after a reign of two years (B.C. 761 759). He did… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Pekahiah — (fl. 8th cent BCE)    King of Israel (737 735 BCE). He reigned at the same time as Uzziah, King of Judah. According to II Kings 15:24, he did what was evil in the sight of the Lord. He was killed by Pekah who took his place on the throne …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Menahem — Kings of Ancient Israel United Monarchy of Israel Saul • Ish bosheth David • Solomon • Rehoboam Northern Kingdom of Israel Jeroboam I • Nadab Baasha • Elah Zimri Omri • Ahab • A …   Wikipedia

  • 2 Kings 15 — 1 In the twenty and seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel began Azariah son of Amaziah king of Judah to reign. 2 Sixteen years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned two and fifty years in Jerusalem. And his mother s name was… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Jeroboam — For other uses, see Wine bottle and Jeroboam II. Jeroboam; Hebrew: ירבעם King of Israel Illustration of Jeroboam setting up two golden calves, Bible Historiale, 1372 …   Wikipedia

  • Omri — Kings of Ancient Israel United Monarchy of Israel Saul • Ish bosheth David • Solomon • Rehoboam Northern Kingdom of Israel Jeroboam I • Nadab Baasha • Elah Zimri Omri • Ahab • …   Wikipedia

  • Pekah — ( open eyed ), was king of Israel, the son of Remaliah, and a captain in the army of Pekahiah, king of Israel. William F. Albright has dated his reign to 737 BCE 732 BCE, while E. R. Thiele offers the dates 740 BCE 732 BCE. Although Pekah is said …   Wikipedia

  • Nadab of Israel — Kings of Ancient Israel United Monarchy of Israel Saul • Ish bosheth David • Solomon • Rehoboam Northern Kingdom of Israel Jeroboam I • Nadab Baasha • Elah Zimri Omri • Ahab • …   Wikipedia

  • Kingdom of Israel (Samaria) — Kingdom of Israel ← …   Wikipedia

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